Solar storms expel powerful coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that strikes Earth’s atmosphere, ultimately causing a temporary disturbance in the Earth’s magnetic field. When the weather on the sun gets worsened, it can lead to different circumstances that can affect our planet. Of these solar storms, the most destructive factor to the Earth is the solar flares. They are the explosions of magnetic force that mature around massive storms on the surface of the sun.
An enormous solar storm that blacked out radio communications throughout U.S. in 1958 is expected to arrive again in 2013, and that too along with a bigger devastation which could total up to $2 trillion. Wireless Networks that control Blackberrys and iPhones on Earth together with GPS satellites that helps the pilots to navigate airplanes in the skies could be knocked out. Whole cities of the world could momentarily go down and electric grids and electronic devices like in cell phones, personal computers, and automotive electronics could be adversely affected, given that they are very vulnerable to solar outbursts.
The apprehension of robust solar flare in the course of Earth is legit. There is a possibility that such a Sun eruption could hit Earth could cause widespread damage as it would charge-up our electrical equipment and destroy them.
This multimillion degree blast will leave all the satellites highly charged. Electronics could possibly be damaged by high-energy particles that penetrate them.
Much like the hurricane storm season on Earth, the sun has an activity cycle too. As soon as the cycle reaches its peak, solar flares and plasma are hurled our way.
Forecasting of Solar weather is trickier than Earth weather forecasting. Science can’t really predict future but only can provide us scenarios that might take place. Solar flare can adversely attribute in outage issues that could take years to solve. Data transmissions from satellites may be disturbed causing noise in the imaging data. There is a great possibility of blackout of communication networks of high frequency in the Polar Regions, that navigations will inevitably become impossible.
But wait, it can get worse. There is a possibility of bio-hazards as well. The astronauts floating in the international space station, passengers and crew of high-flying aircrafts may be exposed to great radiation risk.
Solar storms are not harmful to humans on earth’s surface as they are protected by Earth’s blanket of atmosphere and magnetosphere. Due to these natural defenses, earth’s inhabitants are protected from the solar flares. However, man-made technologies can inadvertently be a target of the negative effects of solar flare.