A turbulent gushing out of water accompanied by steam is known as a geyser. Geysers have gotten their name from Icelandic verb “geysa”, which means “to gush”. Geyser falls are rare phenomenons that form due to a particular hydrogeological condition in the presence of hot volcanic magma.
It all starts at a depth of 2,000 meters (6,600 Ft.) where magma comes in contact with rocks that are in contact with water that sprinkled down from the surface.
The heat of the magma then causes the water to be heated above its atmospheric boiling point due to the high pressures at these depths. The pressurized water then results in a geyser by spraying out water and steam from a surface vent. This process is also known as a hydrothermal explosion. After the hydrothermal explosion, the cooled water seeps back into the reservoir.
The right balance of rocks and channeling with the presence of water and heat attributes in creating this nature’s pristine display.The eruptive activities of a geyser can alter or cease by the influence of mineral deposition, earthquakes and human interventions.
There are thousands of geysers that exist worldwide, but the highest is the Grand Geyser of Yellowstone National Park in the United States. It has a fountain of 61 meters (200feet) and undergoes an eruption that lasts up to 10 minutes every 8-12 hours.